Oil Refining Library

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining - by Mohamed A. Fahim


About this Book (Preface):-

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining provides a thorough and balanced introduction to refinery engineering topics from basic concepts and unit operations to overall refinery economics. Based on the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, the text develops the scientific background needed for an understanding of refinery operations. It also provides an indepth description of major refinery processes and then assimilates an integrated refinery by focusing on the economic and operational aspects necessary for enhancing performance and profitability. The authors have over two decades of experience teaching and consulting in the field of petroleum refining. Although there are a number of books on petroleum refining, very few of them can be considered suitable for teaching the subject in a manner that integrates engineering fundamentals and petroleum refining technology. Our book has more in-depth coverage and more examples on using computational tools.
Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining serves both professionals and academics. It is mainly directed towards undergraduate and graduate students in Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry and Chemical Technology. College graduates new to the field of engineering, who may just be starting their careers in the oil and gas industry, will also find the text useful. Professionals and academics will also benefit from this book. For experienced engineers and managers, Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining is ideal for acquiring the necessary background in the field and understanding new applications in the refining industry.
The book includes important subjects which are not commonly considered in refinery textbooks. Topics include clean fuels, gasification, biofuels and the environmental impact of refining. Throughout the book, numerous problem sets and examples are given in order to put the fundamental principles of refining into practice. Many worked examples offer clear understanding of the covered subjects. Excel spreadsheets for property and material balance calculations help in performing detailed and repetitive calculations and these are to be found at http://www.elsevierdirect.com/ companions/9780444527851. Examples on using process simulators (UNISIM) are also presented. The text begins with an introduction to the petroleum refining industry then focuses on feedstocks and products in Chapters 1 and 2. Chapter 3 covers the subject of calculating the thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions. Atmospheric and vacuum distillations are covered in Chapter 4. Major conversion processes are described in Chapters 5–8. These chapters cover the subjects of catalytic reforming and isomerization, coking, hydroconversion (hydrotreating and hydrocracking) and fluid catalytic cracking. Product blending is covered in Chapter 9, and alkylation is explained in Chapter 10. The subject of hydrogen production, which is of principal importance in a modern refinery, is covered in Chapter 11. Due to the changing energy outlook in terms
of pollution regulations on burning fuels, clean fuel production is discussed in Chapter 12.
A great deal of attention has been given in the last few years to residue upgrading in order to improve the economics of refining. Chapter 13 discusses this issue in detail. Refinery safety is also an important topic and is thoroughly reviewed in Chapter 14. Acid gas treatment and removal are discussed in Chapter 15. The factors related to refinery economics are reviewed in Chapter 16. Environmental and effluent treatment methods are discussed in Chapter 17. An overall case study is given in Chapter 18. Chapters 1–10 can be used as core materials for teaching an undergraduate course in petroleum refining. If time allows, parts of other chapters can also be used. The book also covers more advanced topics, which might be
used for an introductory graduate course. Throughout the book, empirical correlations are used to calculate product yields and perform material balances. These correlations are mainly based on regression of published pilot plant data.
The authors would like to thank Dr Souad Al-Radwan and Engineer Hussein Said of Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC) for their valuable comments on some technical issues. We would also like to thank Engineers Mohamed Hamed and Khalid Damiyar for their technical help during the production of this book. Many thanks go to Ms Jennifer Baran for her excellent proofreading and language editing of the book.


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